Dogs As Pets: Nutrition and Growth

Puppies need three basic things to succeed: good nutrition, warmth, and camaraderie. Puppies should eat three or four times a day from the time they are weaned until they are around six months. Then they are fed twice a day until maturity and once daily thereafter. But dog owners, especially those with large breeds, feed twice daily throughout the dog’s life (which does not feed more than the amount required per day, but it is a more balanced approach to food).

Puppies need twice an adult dog maintenance requirements for energy and nutrients for proper growth of the time they are weaned to around half of their expected mature weight. There must be a steady increase on a weekly basis, but there should be no excess fat around the abdomen. Puppies grow best if they remain in a healthy weight without being obese. Overweight puppies are candidates for crippling bone disease if they are too heavy during the critical growing months. On the other hand, feeding too little will cause poor growth and lack of energy.3

Adults burn fewer calories than puppies do or young adults. For this reason they need to eat less to maintain optimal body weight and activity.

Dogs that work require extra nutrients. For instance, sled dogs are fed a diet that is much higher in calories, one with a ratio of lipids, proteins and carbohydrates are very different from feeding more sedentary dogs. Owners can experiment with different types of food to determine which is best for their dogs.

There are three main types of commercial dog food, canned food, semi-dry. most predominant ingredients of corn, wheat, barley, rice or soy flour, alone or in combination. commercial dog foods also include a meat such as beef, lamb, chicken,liver or meat byproducts. It is important to read labels to determine the proportions of each and the amounts of protein, carbohydrates, lipids, vitamins and minerals.

Sleep is almost as important as nutrition for puppies. A warm, quiet place to rest is essential for their normal growth. Puppies will usually play vigorously and then suddenly fall asleep. Their need for sleep decreases as they grow into adulthood, but dogs spend much of their time sleeping when they are not stimulated to activity.

All dogs need exercise, some more than others. Good health and temperament requirements that dogs have the opportunity to encourage regular exercise. Puppies should be allowed to move at will without restriction and without being pushed beyond its limits. As adult dogs, jog or walk on a leash can be introduced, but a forced exercise should be withheld until the dog is mature. The most common cause of destructive behavior of a dog in the house is the lack of exercise. Behavior problems such as the tail of the hunt, chewing and excessive barking can complain in most cases is attributed to incarceration for long periods of time without respite. The ability to provide enough exercise is one of the most important factors that prospective dog owners must face before acquiring a puppy. The exercise, however, does not mean letting dogs run loose.

Dogs must be supervised at all times outside: should be accompanied by the owners or drivers are properly fenced in to play.

Pets means dogs need company. They are happy when the right to be part of the house. The pups grow and learn when included in the household routine at an early age. The training is made easier when the unique bond between dog and man is reinforced from the beginning.